Newark DE

Building Partnerships Through Community Greening

Students from Newark High School planting trees and shrubs along the White Clay Creek.

Students from Newark High School planting trees and shrubs along the White Clay Creek.

On a blustery Saturday morning, November 21, the White Clay Creek Wild and Scenic Rivers Program sponsored a habitat planting at Curtis Mill Park in Newark, DE. Thirty local volunteers, including students from Newark High School’s Nature Society and AP Environmental Science course, assisted in planting 100 native trees and shrubs along the banks of the main stem of White Clay.

An increased presence of native plants in the buffer zone and floodplain provide numerous valuable services to the natural environment. Some of these services include the creation of habitat, shelter, and food for wildlife. The plants are also vital to stream health because they capture, infiltrate, and treat polluted runoff from adjacent Papermill Road. The planting area, which is part of the public park, will also contribute benefits to park visitors of all ages through improved aesthetics of the streamside landscape.

Planting additional layers of vegetation (shrubs and understory trees) where the wet meadow meets the exiting tree line provides additional habitat diversity for a variety of wildlife. As it matures it will also buffer the forest edge from the invasion of aggressive non-native species such as Morrow's honeysuckle, and multi-flora rose.

Planting additional layers of vegetation (shrubs and understory trees) where the wet meadow meets the exiting tree line provides additional habitat diversity for a variety of wildlife. As it matures it will also buffer the forest edge from the invasion of aggressive non-native species such as Morrow's honeysuckle, and multi-flora rose.

Bob McDowell, a teacher at Newark High School and a handful of his students played an integral role in the success of the planting. Mr. McDowell is the instructor of the school’s Advanced Placement Environmental Science course and was pleased to have more than 20 of his students participating in the event. Bob indicated that many of the topics that he covers in his classes had practical applications to the planting. Riparian buffers, floodplains, and conservation techniques are just a few of the concepts he hoped were conveyed to his students.

Through this hands-on experience, I hope the students gain an appreciation of the natural ecology of Newark. I hope that years down the road, some of these students can return to the park and remember how they influenced their community landscape in a positive way.
— Bob McDowell, Newark High School Faculty

During the planting, some students were able to observe the influence of the centuries-long historic industrial land-use of the site, which was formerly occupied by the Curtis Paper Mill. While digging, some uncovered old metal scraps, remnants of the past use of this site. Other site constraints related to it’s location in an urbanized part of the White Clay, include a sewer main that bisects the floodplain. The mature size of the plantings and their locations, had to be carefully selected and placed to not interfere with the sewer easement. A wetland meadow of low growing native plants was seeded in the floodplain after construction and is evidenced by the dark green rushes and yellow-green sedges. These ground cover plants will provide food and cover in areas where larger species needed to be avoided.

Bob McDowell is also a member of the City of Newark Conservation Advisory Committee. Through his partnership with the City of Newark, he hopes to foster future community conservation projects with his students on city property that would similarly benefit from stream cleanups, or habitat plantings.His group is planning to return to Curtis Mill Park in the spring to carry out additional reforestation with native plant species.

These types of partnerships are exactly what we like to encourage between today’s youth, municipalities, and conservation groups. They provide our future leaders with the knowledge and the tools to solve real world problems - and give them the opportunity to be a part of the solution. Conservation landscaping is just one of those tools that not only benefits wildlife and water quality, but also the community as a whole.
— Shane Morgan, Watershed Coordinator for the White Clay Creek Wild and Scenic Program

Funding for this project came out of the White Clay Creek Wild and Scenic River Restoration Fund set up for Delaware taxpayers who claim an over payment of taxes, or who have an income tax liability, to designate an amount to be deposited or paid to the Fund. Over the past four years, this Fund has raised just under $25,000 for water resource restoration and management programs within the White Clay Creek watershed, Delaware’s only federally designated wild and scenic river. More specifically, these funds have and will continue to support projects such as dam removals (for fish passage), freshwater mussel restoration and research, and conservation landscaping.

Click to view additional photos from the planting.

The Fifth Annual White Clay Creek Fest boasts record attendance!

8717492931_de2c529fea_cSaturday May 4th White Clay Creek State Park held the 5th annual Creek Fest and had record attendance!  With a car count of 400 they conservatively estimated attendance at 1000 people! This is the highest attendance we have seen at Creek Fest, second was 2012 with an attendance of 800. The first 300 people received BPA free water bottles to encourage people to choose tap over bottled water, and White Clay Creek watershed passports were given out to encourage children and families to get out in nature and enjoy the many things that make the White Clay Creek watershed unique. Creek Fest is put on by Delaware State Parks, White Clay Wild and Scenic Program and the National Park Service to celebrate our precious natural resource – the White Clay!  It is supported by Suez United Water, The Friends of White Clay Creek State Park, the City ofNewark and The American Mushroom Institute.  In addition, the PA Friends of the White Clay Creek Preserve led 40 attendees on a pre-fest Mason Dixon Hike. Saturday brought beautiful weather, together with great music by Unity Reggae, the Juggling Hoffman’s and a live bird show by Animal Behaviors and Conservation Connections. We even had a special guest announce the band, Paul Baumbach Delaware State Representative for the 23rd District.

Families who attended enjoyed crafts, face painting, and watershed related exhibits by local organizations such as Delaware Nature Society, Tri-State Bird Rescue, Wilmington Trail Club, Hale Byrns House, Southeastern Lyme Association, OH Farm and more. New this year were local artists whose work were on display for purchase. People also enjoyed food by Homegrown Cafe, Wood Fired Pizza and UD Creamery.

View photos at: Creek Fest 2013 Flickr and on the White Clay Creek State Park Facebook Page.

Volunteers Remove Invasive Species at Curtis Mill Site in Newark, DE.

 NEWARK — Volunteers helped clear invasive vines and other plants from around White Clay Creek at the site of a future city park Saturday.

“We’re removing some of the invasive plants so the native plants have a chance to come back,” said April Schmitt, a member of the Friends of White Clay Creek Preserve and Wilmington Trail Club.

Schmitt and members of Boy Scout Troop 255 of Newark worked on the project, along with Newark city workers.

The city is planning a public park at the site of the old Curtis Paper Mill, an area with a history stretching back more than 200 years.

The first paper mill there opened in 1798, according to the National Park Service’s Historic American Engineering Record.

In 1848, brothers George B. Curtis and Solomon Minot Curtis bought it and called it “Nonantum Mill,” from the American Indian name of the Massachusetts area where their family made paper. In 1926, the family sold the mill to outside stockholders, who renamed it Curtis Paper Co.

The mill closed in 1975. The city bought it in 1999 and razed everything but the smokestack in 2008. Restoring the smokestack was found to be too expensive, so it, too, was torn down.

Schmitt said the area was choked with multiflora rose, Oriental bittersweet, Japanese honeysuckle and other invasive species.

“The beauty of a forest is to see a diversity of plants,” Schmitt said. “When some of the ones come in from overseas, they don’t have any competitors here, so they just grow and grow and grow, and then they shade out everything else. So you can look in areas and see nothing but three plants, instead of seeing 25.”

Clearing them out helps restore biological diversity to the area, she said.

“The amount of native plants that come back is just astounding,” Schmitt said.

Contact Mike Chalmers at 324-2790 Subscribe at or follow on Twitter at @MTChalmers.